{Abstract} KAJIAN STANDAR CEMARAN MIKROBA DALAM PANGAN DI INDONESIA (Review on Food Microbiological Standard in Indonesia)

By: Martoyo PY1,2,  Dewanti- Hariyadi R1, Rahayu WP1.

1Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga
2Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan

Microbiological standard for processed food in Indonesia is regulated by the Head of NADFC in Decree No. POM. HK.00.06.1.52.4011 2009 pertaining Microbial and Chemical Contamination Limit in Food and by the Indonesian National Standard (SNI) of food commodities. In the implementation, there were several obstacles and some criteria could not be met because they were too stringent or the testing methods were not available. The purpose of this study was to compare the fulfillment of microbiological standards of Indonesia and some other countries in the world against the rules of Codex microbiology criteria, to review microbiological criteria of priority foods and to provide recommendations for their microbiological criteria. The study was conducted by comparing and analyzing the microbiological criteria from Indonesia and 10 other countries, namely Australia and New Zealand, Europe, Philippines, Malaysia, Canada, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Singapore and South Africa and recommendation by Codex Principles for The Establishment and Application of Microbiological Criteria for Foods (CAC/GL 21-1997). As the case studies, several foods were selected based on several obstacles occurred and their criteria and studied as above. The results showed that Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Canada and the Philippines comply with the Codex Principles, while Indonesia, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore and South Africa do not comply. The study also showed that Indonesia’s standard for bottled/packaged drinking water, instant coffee and canned food need revision. For the purpose of verification of the production process and lot acceptance, it is recommended to set one maximum limit of TPC for bottled/packaged drinking water. Determination of microbiological criteria in instant coffee is irrelevant, except for the OTA. Requirements for canned food should be done with a fulfillment for adequate heat treatment and incubation test to anticipate microbial spoilage.

Keywords: Codex, Microbiological Criteria, Standard

Dimuat di Jurnal Standardisasi 16 (2): 113-124. tahun 2014

{Abstract} PENGEMBANGAN STRATEGI KEAMANAN PRODUK PERIKANAN UNTUK EKSPOR KE AMERIKA SERIKAT (Food Safety Strategy Development of Fishery Products Export to the United States)

By:  Rahmawaty L1,2,  Rahayu WP1, Kusumaningrum HD 1.

1Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB
2PT. Narrada Sigma Indonesia

Nowadays productivity and export of Indonesian fish product increase and Indonesia became number one producer of tuna product in the world. The biggest challenge for Indonesian fishery products in the era of free trade is food safety. This study aims to analyze the case of rejection of Indonesian fishery products by the U.S. and design a recommendation on food safety strategy development of fishery products export to United State. The result of data collection indicate that Indonesian products rejection by FDA in 2010-2012 has fluctuated and dominated by fishery products, with the main cause of rejection are filthy and Salmonella. The case study conducted at tuna processing company which has been HACCP certified by Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries to strengthen the data. Case study indicate a failure in the application of HACCP system because of in harmony standard, regulation and audit system Indonesia to FDA. Based on gap analysis standard and regulation of Indonesia to FDA, recommendation are proposed on food strategy related to standardization, accreditation, infrastructure and international cooperation.
Keywords: fishery product safety, HACCP, policy strategy, standardization, accreditation.

Dimuat di Jurnal Standardisasi 16 (2): 95-102. tahun 2014

{Abstract} BIOCONTROL OF TOXIGENIC MOLDS by Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATCC 9376

By Rahayu WP1,2, Herawati D1,2,  Broto W3,  Ambarwati S4,Lioe HN1, Simatupang S5,  Pratiwi C5,  Rahayu D1

1Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Bogor Agricultural University/IPB,
2SEAFAST Center-IPB,
3Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development, Ministry of Agriculture,
4SEAMEO BIOTROP,
5Study Program of Food Science-IPB

Toxigenic molds (Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus ochraceus, and Fusarium verticillioides) are able to produce mycotoxin and contaminate crops (i.e. maize and soybean), which in the next may have serious impact to health risk. This research was designed to investigate the effectiveness of antagonist yeast, S. cerevisiae, as a biological competitor for the growth of toxigenic molds. The biocontrol of toxigenic molds on Potatoes Dextrose Agar (PDA), soybean and maize was conducted by growing toxigenic molds together with S. cerevisiae ATCC 9376 for 10 (A. flavus BIO 2237), 15 (A. ochraceus BIO 220), and 8 (F. verticillioides BIO 957) days. This research showed that S. cerevisiae ATCC 9376 could inhibit A. flavus BIO 2237, A. ochraceus BIO 220, and F. verticillioides BIO 957with the inhibition percentage: 46, 43, and 44 % on PDA medium; 47, 59, and 45 % on maize medium; and 44, 49, and 39 % on soybean medium respectively. The result showed that A. ochraceus BIO 220 become the most inhibit toxigenic molds among others and maize was the most effective media of inhibition. Furthermore, this preliminary information could be used for biological control of toxigenic molds growth and mycotoxin control in foods.

Keywords: maize, S. cerevisiae, soybean, toxigenic molds

The paper has been presented in International Conference on Food for A Quality Life. Jakarta, 15 – 16 October 2014