By: Kusumaningrum A, Rahayu WP
Department of Food Science and Technology, Bogor Agricultural University
Food diversification is one of the governmental programs to reduce rice demand. Palm starch (Arengapinnata (Wurmb) Merr) has a good potency as carbohydrate source for supplementary food. Supplementary food form palm starch enriched with 4 legumes (red bean, green bean, soy bean and peanut) as sources of protein were formulated. This weaning food was made by wet mixing all substances, then cooked at temperature 75oC for 10 minutes. The dough was then dried using drum dryer and milled. The flour was fortified by vitamin premix (Vitamin A, vitamin D and vitamin C), mineral premix (NA, Zn, Fe, Ce and I) and vanilla flavor (0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20 and 0.25%) to improve their nutritional and sensory qualities.Result obtained from hedonic test indicated that soybean is the most suitable bean and 0.05 percent of vanilla flavor gave the best formula. Supplementary food from sugar palm starch contained 170 kkal energy, 4 g protein, 33 g carbohydrate, and 3 g fat per serving (42 g). If the formula was consumed three times per day it will fulfill 60 percent of AKG (Angka Kecukupan Gizi (Nutritional Daily Requirement)) of the baby and child’s protein the protein digest of such supplementary food from sugar palm starch was 86.29 percent of casein and comply this with SNI 01-7111.4-2005 and Codex (1976) standard.
Keywords: palm starch, legumes, weaning food
Presented at Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan, Volume 18 No. 2, 2007, ISSN 0216-2318