[abstrak] EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN TO CYCLAMATE AND SACCHARIN: A TOTAL DIET STUDY

By: Sparringa RA1, Rahayu WP12

1Directorate for Food Safety Surveillance and Extension, National Agency for Drug and Food Control, Republic of Indonesia
2Department of Food Science and Technology, Bogor Agricultural University

The objective of the present study was to estimate the daily intake of types of food product; to obtain basic data for the market-basket based study (total diet study); and to identify the intake of cyclamate and saccharin by elementary school children that exceed the acceptable daily intake (ADI) level. This paper consisted of food consumption survey and use of the survey data to derive intakes of cyclamate and saccharin. Seventy two respondents ranging 6-12 year-old male and female children were randomly selected from three elementary schools representing low, middle and high social class-schools in Malang, East Java, Indonesia. Each respondent was surveyed for her / his food intakes over six successive day periods. Food dairy and dietary recall approaches were used to determine individual food consumption. The enumerator validated the respondent’s record combined with dietary recall of respondents during the interview. The interview was conducted twice a day, after and before school time to obtain a 24 hour individual intake record during and after school time. The shopping list generated from the consumption data was utilized for a market basket of food reflecting a defined total diet of a consumer in the study.The food composite approach was used by mixing the individual food items into groups of similar foods to be analyzed. One hundred ninety seven food items were recorded in the consumption data and 81 food items were sampled and analyzed in the present study accounted for 95% of the total food weight intakes, consisted of 31 national food items, 6 local food items, 9 unregistered food items and 35 ready to eat food items. Ready to eat (RTE) foods were the highest contribution to 70 % of the total weight intake which were dominated by cereal food group accounted for 33% of RTE foods consumed. The highest average intakes of cyclamate were estimated from beverages and snack food types, especially derived from cereals and other food groups exceeded the JECFA ADI value about 240%. The daily intake of saccharin by the respondents was bellow the JECFA ADI accounted for about 12%. It is suggested that an intervention for reducing cyclamate intakes among elementary school children should be done by school community through school food safety programs. The school community includes school commission, teacher, students, student’s parents, food vendors and school canteen.

Keywords: saccharin and cyclamate, exposure assessment, total diet study, food consumption survey

Presented at Asian Food Conference, Jakarta-Indonesia, August 9-12th 2005. Proceeding ISBN 979-3673-46

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